The Prostate Diet: What Should You Eat if You Have Prostate Cancer?

As is the case with every other type of cancer, catching prostate cancer early is key. According to, your chances of living with prostate cancer for at least five years is almost 100% if you catch the disease while it’s still confined to the prostate or nearby organs.

However, if you do get diagnosed with prostate cancer, maintaining a healthy diet may help improve your health. The Prostate Cancer Free Foundation (PCFF) says that a number of studies have shown that men with obesity have a higher risk of:

  • Developing more aggressive forms of prostate cancer
  • Experiencing a recurrence of cancer even after radiation therapy or surgery
  • Have a greater risk of mortality from prostate cancer

Furthermore, a handful of studies of post-prostate cancer treatment survival rates have shown that the majority of patients pass away from cardiovascular disease, suggesting that enacting diet plans to curb obesity and, by extension, cardiovascular disease would also help patients reap the full amount of potential benefits from prostate cancer treatments.

The PCFF lists various dietary nutrients and supplements that could reduce your risk of developing prostate cancer; while they could be ingested through artificial supplements, experts generally believe it’s better they’re consumed in the form of fresh food:

  • Cruciferous vegetables, such as cauliflower, broccoli, cabbage, kale, bok choy, and brussels sprouts, have high amounts of indole-3 carbinol and sulforaphane, which have anticarcinogenic properties. These nutrients can lead to the production of antioxidant enzymes, and have been shown to cause cell death in damaged cells as well as antimetastatic and antiproliferative features.
  • Carotenoids are micronutrient antioxidants common in yellow or orange fruits and veggies. Of this group, lycopene is considered the most efficient antioxidant and is the predominant carotenoid found in various tissues as well as the plasma and the prostate. Lycopene is found in tomatoes, watermelon, apricots, papaya, pink grapefruit, persimmons, and guava. Studies have shown a lower risk of developing late-stage prostate cancer with a high consumption of tomatoes/tomato products (more than ten servings per week). Furthermore, cooked tomato products seem to be more effective than raw tomato products.
  • Isoflavones such as daidzein, equol, and genistein are found in high quantities in soy. They’ve been proven to affect angiogenesis and cellular growth pathways, as well as the production and metabolism of estrogens and androgens, which play a key role in the evolution of prostate cancer. In animal studies, scientists have shown that isoflavones have a beneficial effect not only in the prevention of prostate cancer, but also in reducing how quickly prostate cancer grows. 
  • Polyphenols are found in varying concentrations in most veggies and fruits, as well as red wine and green tea. These agents act upon antiangiogenesis, antiproliferative, and antioxidant pathways. A popular type of polyphenol is the catechins found in green tea; epidemiologic and animal studies have shown that catechins can inhibit the growth of cancer cells.
  • Vitamin D deficiency has been found to be correlated with a heightened risk of cancer incidence and mortality; the most major source of vitamin D in our day-to-day-lives is sunlight, but it can also be obtained by eating eggs, fortified cereals, dairy products, and fatty fish like tuna and salmon. 

Ezra offers prostate, torso, and full-body scans that can check your prostate for signs of cancer and potentially even help you avoid other risky, often inaccurate methods. Follow this link to learn more.